Chalchihuitl (MH491r)

Chalchihuitl (MH491r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the personal name Chalchiuh (from chalchihuitl, local jade, precious green stone) shows concentric circles with four small circles evenly spaces around the perimeter. These smaller circles have dots in the middle.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

It should not be a surprise to see a child (in this case it was a boy) named Chalchiuh, given that parents often referred to their babies as precious green stones. Being called Jade might be compared to names known today in English-speaking places, such as Jewel, Ruby, Pearl, or Diamond.

See the article (on the left) about shimmer in glyphs. This might help explain the small circles on the outer ring of the glyph.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

matheu chalchiuh

Gloss Normalization: 

Mateo Chalchiuh

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzinco, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

José Aguayo-Barragán and Stephanie Wood


gems, joyas, piedras verdes, jades, brillo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Jade

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Woodcha

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 491r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: