Chalmecatl (MH506r)

Chalmecatl (MH506r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name or ethnic origin if a man named Diego Chalmecatl. He may be from a town called Chalma (today). The glyph shows a shape that vaguely recalls the "beak" of Ehecatl, facing toward the viewer's left. This element might be intended to represent the suffix of the name -ecatl, given that Ehecatl names are often glossed as Ecatl. The Chalm- root, however, does not seem to appear visually, unless Ehecatl has a semantic connection to Chalma, a famous pilgrimage site since the autonomous era.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Gabrielle Vail and ‎Christine Hernández (Re-Creating Primordial Time, 2013, ) describe Ehecatl as the wind aspect of Quetzalcoatl, and they note that Ehecatl "wears a buccal (duck) mask through which to blow wind." That the "beak" may have been perceived as a blowing device is supported by the glyph for Pitztli (below).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Chalmecatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


etnicidades, deidades, divinities, deities

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Chalmecacihuatl, a deity; "Woman of the Chalmeca (inhabitants of Chalman, today called Chalma)",

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Una Persona de Chalma

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 506r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: