Chapol (MH519r)

Chapol (MH519r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the personal name Chapol shows a grasshopper wearing a cape of turquoise blue and gold. The insect is shown in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. At least two bent legs are visible. The visible eye is open. Two antennae appears on the head.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This is a personal name, preceded in the gloss by a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Like so many human names, the absolutive ending for chapolin has dropped away (here, "in"). But the concept of grasshopper is conveyed, nevertheless. Why this grasshopper wears a cape has yet to be determined, but elite men wore capes, so perhaps it adds prestige or preciosity. See the image for Petlacalcatl below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

toro chapol

Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Chapol

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzinco, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

José Aguayo-Barragán

Shapes and Perspectives: 

chapulines, grasshoppers, capes, capas, mantas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Chapulín

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 519r, World Digital Library.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: