Chichiucnauhatl (MH736v)

Chichiucnauhatl (MH736v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph plus notation (which acts something like a compound) represents the personal name Chichiucnauhatl (“Every Nine Water” or “Every 9-Water”). It is attested here as a man’s name. It is a name drawn from the 260-day religious divinatory calendar, the tonalpohualli. Water (atl) is a day name in that calendar, and nine is the companion number in this case. The water here is much like the water painted by the same tlacuilo to represent atlauhtli, flowing and swirling as it does between two horizontal lines.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

We have slightly altered the spelling that was used in the gloss, adding a “c” in the middle, in place of the “h” glottal stop, based on combining forms that appear in Molina’s Vocabulario. The reduplication in this number nine suggests repetition, which is why we are interpreting it as every occurrence of Nine Water. This is an unusual spin on a calendrical name. See all the examples below of calendrical dates using the number nine.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


calendarios, números, nueve, agua, tonalpohualli, fechas, nombres de días, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cada Nueve Agua, o Cada 9-Agua

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 736v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: