Chicuace Calli (Mdz2r)

Chicuace Calli (Mdz2r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph plus notation is a solar date, a year name, Chicuace Calli (Six House or 6-House). The six is represented as two groups of ones, five on the left and a single one on the right, recalling the ancient method of counting on fingers and toes. The grouping also creates a mathematical equation of 5 + 1 = 6. The standardly rectangular house (calli) with the T-shaped beams is shown in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. The whole compound is painted over with the color of turquoise blue, which calls to mind the word for both year and turquoise (xihuitl), which are homophones. The original date is boxed in, even though this image of it fails to capture that.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 02 recto,, image 14 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).