Chicuace Tecpatl (Mdz2r)

Chicuace Tecpatl (Mdz2r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This representation of a solar year (xihuitl) date, Six Flint (or Six Flint Knife), has the notation of six in the form of five circles on the top left and one additional circle to the right of those, with a slight separation. The circle on the right has a dot in the middle, as does maybe the one on the far left. The circle on the right end of the group of five seems to have a concentric circle in it. (This is unusual, to have the circles be styled so differently, so it is probably inadvertent.) Below the notation is the simplex glyph for the flint knife, upright and with a diagonal line across it. The entire date (including the background) is painted a turquoise color, and it is enclosed in a black line-drawing box (which is not shown here). Year and turquoise are both xihuitl, homophones, the color serving as a phonetic indicator.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

dates, fechas, ones, numbers, números, years, años, pedernales, xiuhpohualli, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Seis Pedernal

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 02 recto,, image 14 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).