Cipac (MH649v)

Cipac (MH649v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This colorful painting of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cipac ("Crocodile") shows a bird's eye view of a crocodile with its arms and legs splayed. The pointed protrusions on its back are very much in evidence. A short tail hangs down below the body. A large pointed mouth points upward. An anthropomorphic face also appears, however, on the top of the animal's head. The entire creature is painted green.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This name is a day sign. Originally, a name like this would have a number attached to it. Because of colonial edicts to stop using the tonalpohualli as a source for names, one thing that happened is that the companion numbers were dropped, perhaps as a stopgap measure to reduce the sacred nature of the name. See Norma Angélica Castilla Palma, "Las huellas del oficio y lo sagrado en los nombres nahuas de familias y barrios de Cholula," Dimensión Antropológica v. 65 (sept.-dic. 2015), 186.

The thirteen-day cycle that was started by One-Cipactli was an auspicious time to be born according to a downloadable publication hosted by Mexicolore.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

Andres tzinpac

Gloss Normalization: 

Andrés Cipac

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

calendarios, calendars, dates, fechas, días, days, caimanes, cocodrilos, nombres de hombres, tonalpohualli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Caiman, o Cocodrilo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 649v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: