copalli (Mdz37r)

copalli (Mdz37r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This green and white painting of the noun copalli (incense) shows a frontal view of a horizontal, striped, two-tone green leaf tied at both ends and wrapping around a granular substance, which must be the incense. We do not have a Nahuatl-language gloss clarifying that this is a glyph for copalli, but the Spanish gloss says "copale."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

pellas de

Gloss Normalization: 

pellas de copale (i.e., copalli)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


copal, incienso, recipientes para copal

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 37 recto,, image 84 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)