coyolli (Mdz44r)

coyolli (Mdz44r)
Element from a Compound

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This element has been carved from the compound glyph for the place name, Coyolapan. This component refers to the coyol(li), or bell. It is painted yellow, has a loop at the top for attaching, and it has multiple parts, including a sound chamber with a slot/opening at the bottom, and scrolls coming out of that chamber.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The scrolls would appear to represent the sound the bell makes, much like scrolls coming out of a human mouth represented speech sounds. For other scrolls that represent sound, see the glyphs for Yaonahuac,, and Acolnahuac, Sandra Amelia Cruz Rivera has studied "the image of sound" in central Mexican codices. See: "La imagen del sonido en códices prehispánicas del centro de México: una propuesta metodológica," Pasado Abierto: Revista del CEHis. 9 (enero-juio 2019), Mar del Plata.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


scroll, scrolls, sounds, music, suena, bells, metales, campanas, campanillas, pinjantes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 


Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el cascabel

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 44 recto,, image 98 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

See Also: