Coyonacaz (MH496r)

Coyonacaz (MH496r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Coyonacaz ("Coyote Ear," attested here as a man's name) shows a frontal-view of a coyote (coyotl) ear (nacaztli). It is as though the viewer is looking inside the ear. The ear comes to a point at the top. Hair is located inside and along the top edge.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The hunting ability of the coyote was impressive to the Aztecs. At least some Nahuas saw a divine force in the Coyotlinahuatl, who could assume a human form. Rituals celebrating this force included regalia with "tails, sharp snouts, and erect ears." [See: Dan Flores, Coyote America (2016, 10).] Perhaps the hearing of coyotes was something especially appreciated.
Other notable features of coyotes include a recognition of a special aging coyote (Huehuecoyotl), and the famous Tetzcocan Nezahualcoyotl had the coyote attribute.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Francisco Coyonacaz

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


coyotes, ears, orejas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 496r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: