Cuauhtli (MH485r)

Cuauhtli (MH485r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the personal name Cuauhtli is a black and white drawing of the head of an eagle in profile, facing to the viewer's right. Its head is largely white, with the wispy feathers along the crown being black. Other feathers are textured. Its eye is open, as is its hooked upper beak.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This is a personal name, preceded in the gloss by a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Cuauhtli is also a very common man's name in the Matrícula de Huexotzinco. It is a day sign in the tonalpohualli 260-day divinatory calendar, and calendrics were important in Nahuas' views of the cosmos.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

thoribio guauhtli

Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Cuauhtli

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Xitlali Torres and Stephanie Wood

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

El Águila

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 485r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: