cuauhxinqui (Mdz70r)

cuauhxinqui (Mdz70r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example of a carpenter (cuauhxinqui) is provided here for potential comparisons with glyphs such as the copper ax or hatchet (tepoztli) and the verb xima (to cut or shave). The carpenter is a male, in profile, looking to our right. His skin is a tan color. He wears a white cape with gray shading that makes it look three-dimensional. He also wears a white loincloth. His hair style includes short bangs and the rest cut just below the ears. There is a turquoise-colored speech scroll emerging from his mouth, as he is speaking to his son (visible if you visit the original page, folio 70 recto), who faces him, probably teaching him. He holds the copper hatchet in his right hand. Its handle is tan-colored, and its blade is a light red or pink. The blade is tied to the wooden handle, seemingly with a white leather thong. The wood, a tree trunk, still has part of a branch, and chips of wood are flying off it.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The stem of the verb xima becomes xin- in this example. We also have another example here where cuauh- intends a possibly reading of wood, not just trees, although the distinction would not be great.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


carpenters, carpinteros, madera, oficios, cobre, herramientas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el carpintero

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 70 recto,, image 150 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)