Ecatl (MH525v)

Ecatl (MH525v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Ecatl (“Air” or "Breath," attested here as a man’s name) shows a profile view of the divine force of wind (Ehecatl) with a tube coming out of his mouth. The belief was that this divinity blew wind through a tube. This tube is vaguely reminiscent of a metal, musical horn, and does not resemble the autonomous-era device worn by Ehecatl figures in sculpture, which may suggest European influence.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Gabrielle Vail and ‎Christine Hernández (Re-Creating Primordial Time, 2013, ) describe Ehecatl as the wind aspect of Quetzalcoatl, and they note that Ehecatl "wears a buccal (duck) mask through which to blow wind." That the "beak" may have been perceived as a blowing device is supported by the glyph for Pitztli (below).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

andonio Ecatl.

Gloss Normalization: 

Antonio Ecatl (or, Ehecatl)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huexotzinco, Matrícula de (MH)

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

viento, deidades, deities, wind, air, breath

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 525v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: