itta (Mdz63r)

itta (Mdz63r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography shows a man with long hair and a cape looking at something. We are employing this example as an attestation of the verb itta, to see, and we are calling it iconography until we find a hieroglyph glossed in Nahuatl that suits this example. Small dots direct us to a starry eye with a point on the eye lid. The context explains that it is this man's job to watch the stars in the sky to see what the hour is. The night sky is dark and has twenty starry eyes of its own.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


estrellas, horas, tiempo, ver, mirar, ojos, starry eyes, stellar eyes, dotted ligature, ligadura punteada

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 63 recto,, image 136 out of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: 
See Also: