Macuilecatl (MH643r)

Macuilecatl (MH643r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simples glyph plus notation for the personal name Macuilecatl ("Five Breath," "Five Air," or "Five Wind") shows an anthropomorphic head in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. Its eye is open, it has a trumpet-like device in place of an upper lip, and it has a beak-like lower lip. This kind of mouth may have been perceived to blow breath (ecatl), air (ecatl), or wind (ehecatl). The side of the face has a thick black line with a thin line next to and forward of it. Perhaps this represents face paint or tattooing. Attached at the top of and behind the head are five (macuilli) short vertical lines, connected by a horizontal line at the bottom.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Five-Wind or 5-Wind is a calendrical name that combines the notation for five with a glyph of the day sign for Ehecatl, the divine force of wind. This is a name that derives from the tonalpohualli, 260-day divinatory calendar, that people used for naming their children prior to and after contact with Europeans.

Gabrielle Vail and ‎Christine Hernández (Re-Creating Primordial Time, 2013, ) describe Ehecatl as the wind aspect of Quetzalcoatl, and they note that Ehecatl "wears a buccal (duck) mask through which to blow wind." That the "beak" may have been perceived as a blowing device is supported by the glyph for Pitztli (below).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

juo macuilecatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Macuilecatl (or Juan Macuilehecatl)

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

días, fechas, calendarios, cinco, viento, aire, aliento, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cinco Viento, o 5-Viento

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 643r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: