Macuilquiyauh (MH523v)

Macuilquiyauh (MH523v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph-plus-notation for the personal name Macuilquiyauh ("Five-Rain," or "5-Rain," attested here as a man's name) combines a simplex glyph for rain (quiyahuitl) with the notation of four (nahui) ones. Given the gloss, which refers to five (macuilli) either one upright line is missing or the line across the bottom of the four marks should be counted. The sign for rain is a fairly standard triangular stream of rain with a droplet or bead at the bottom. Two lines of current suggest flow or movement. The ones are simple, vertical lines. In some notations, ones are given as small circles.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

"Five Rain" (or "Four Rain," if incorrectly glossed) refers to a date, a day sign in the 260-day divinatory calendar combined with a notation. The calendrical association adds religious import to the name. Some calendrical names in this manuscript are missing their companion numbers, perhaps because the divinatory naming practice was fading somewhat. This may also explain the error in the number.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

peo macuilquiyauh

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Macuilquiyauh

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

numbers, números, four, five, cuatro, cinco, rain, lluvia, calendarios, dias, fechas, dates, calendars, days

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cuatro Lluvia, 4-Lluvia

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 523v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: