mizquitl (Mdz27r)

mizquitl (Mdz27r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for the mizquitl ("mesquite tree") doubles as the sign for the place name, Mizquiyahualla. It is a spiny plant with red roots, green foliage, and four long, yellow blossoms. The spines, like many represetations of the the flint knife, are red and white.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The plant is bending, which adds the phonetic element and dimension of yahualli (round, around) to the meaning of the place name. This glyph is a compound glyph when it stands for the fuller name, Mizquiahuallan, for it does have two visual parts, the plant itself, and the shape of the plant. The blossoms on this mesquite are somewhat different in shape and coloring from other examples (see below, right).

The flower of the mesquite tree is a long, fluffy, yellow blossom. See an example in WikiMedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prosopis_laevigata_-_flowers.jpg .

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

trees, árboles, curves, curvas, flowers, flores, spines, espinas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

mesquite tree or bush

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el mesquite

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 27 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 64 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).