Nezahual (MH499v)

Nezahual (MH499v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Nezahual ("Ritual Fasting," here, attested as a man’s name) shows a large head of another man in profile, looking toward the viewer's right. The back of this man's head has a slope to it, and so the usual hair at the back of the head is not showing. The right cheek of his face has a large black dot and a smaller one. His facial skin in grayish. Further investigation is required to understand how these visuals convey something about the name, which can mean a fasting, a vigil, or a bloodletting, but perhaps he is gaunt from fasting.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

An iconographic example from the Telleriano-Remensis (below) provides visuals for hunger.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Diego Nezahual

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


hambre, ayuno, fasting, hunger

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

nezahual(li), a fasting, vigil, bloodletting,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Ayuno Ritual

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 499v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: