pan (Mdz21v)

pan (Mdz21v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the preposition "on" (-pan) duplicates the glyph for the place name, Tepechpan. The message is not phonetic, but having the foot on the stone foundation (tepechtli), is meant to clarify the nature of the stone and the place that is known for the stone foundation. The partial leg and foot are upright and painted a terracotta color. The foundation is a wide horizontal stone, with the classic, alternating, wavy purple and terracotta colored lines. The curls at the top and bottom of the rock are typical of the iconography of stones and rocks (see below, right).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

-pan (locative suffix), in or on,

Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 21 verso,, image 53 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).