Tecapan (MH507v)

Tecapan (MH507v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Tecapan shows a human's open mouth set in its jaws and with a full set of teeth. It is shown in profile, looking toward the viewer's left. This is attested here as a woman's name.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The gloss indicates an "m" or an "n" in the middle of this name, but Tecapan is the spelling as attested elsewhere in the name Tecapanton (little Tecapan). There was also a famous Tecapantzin who was the daughter of a great lord of Tlatelolco, as shown in our Online Nahuatl Dictionary. And then there is the near homonym, Tiacapan ("First Born"), a birth-order name given to women in particular. So, the full analysis remains elusive, but the the visual of a mouth full of teeth ready to bite something recalls the noun, tecampaxoliztli, which is the act of biting. In this word, the "m" does appear in the middle and no "n" after the pa. The letter "n" can be intrusive and can be dropped, which complicates the analysis sometimes. The mouth (tentli} in this glyph, if it does not play a semantic role, may provide the phonetic start to the name.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

María Tecapan

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

mouths, bocas, teeth, dientes, bites, biting, muerde, está mordiendo

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 507v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=94&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: 
See Also: