tepanyaqui (TR17r)

tepanyaqui (TR17r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example from the Codex Telleriano-Remensis shows a horizontal, deceased man who has been stoned to death. He is shown in a semi-frontal (a twisted body), semi-profile view (his face). He is surrounded by seven stones, six of them with blood on them. The stones are the usual purple and orange, rounded shapes with curling ends. The purple and orange alternate in wave lines. The blood spurts something like water, but without the droplets or shells at the end of each spurt. The one stone that is in the location of his heart is pressing into his flesh but shows no blood. The man's hairstyle shows nothing unusual. The man's visible eye is closed, his red tongue protrudes, and his white upper teeth are visible. A gloss by his body clarifies that he was killed with stones (the Spanish word, "piedra").

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The gloss conveys that this man was executed for adultery. Additional information on the page says that after being killed, the bodies were thrown into the plazas for all to see.

Alonso de Molina provides the term for adulterer, tepanyaqui, which we have applied here.

The stone located in the approximate position of his heart has something of the shape of a heart.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood and Stephanie Wood


crime, crimen, adulterio, adultery, men, women, hombres, mujeres, stoning, morir a apedradas, blood, sangre, stones, piedras

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el adultero

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 17 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458267s/f59.item.zoom

Image Source, Rights: 

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Historical Contextualizing Image: