teponaztli (Mdz63r)

teponaztli (Mdz63r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is an example of the iconography of a teponaztli horizontal drum. It sits on a woven red yahualli (circular base). It has an H-shape cut in the top, with added lines of decoration. The way it is painted shows that it was made of wood.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The museum comparison image below shows a more elaborately carved design in the wood.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Shapes and Perspectives: 

tambores, madera, horizontal

Museum & Rare Book Comparisons: 
Museum/Rare Book Notes: 

teponaztli. The "Teponaztli del Guerrero," from Tlaxcala. Museo Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Salón Mexica. Photograph by Stephanie Wood, 14 February 2023.

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

un tambor de tronco

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 63 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 136 out of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: