Tlatelolco (Mdz10r)

Tlatelolco (Mdz10r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for Tlatelolco consists primarily of the element tlatelli [also spelled tlatilli), a hillock or large mound. The mound, painted purple and dotted as though made of rock or sand, has a white rectangular base.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Given the presence of a base, this mound could be a visual reference to what we might call a pyramid, a constructed mound, which would have had a religious use and significance. The presence of the sand (xalli), shown here as dotted, which makes up the hillock, may substantiate Rémi Siméon's suggestion that Xaltilolco was the original name for the city. See: Tetlacuilolli. Interestingly, the glyph for Tlatelolco in the Codex Telleriano-Rememsis, folio 33 verso, takes the shape of a tepetl), but it is also colored purple. The texturing there, in lieu of dots for sand, are "U" or backwards "C" shapes that are reminiscent of the texturing of tlalli. See: Gordon Whittaker, Deciphering Aztec Hieroglyphs (2021), 25, figure 1.8.b. Tlatelolco was a major center near Mexico-Tenochtitlan, on the north shore of the lake, and famous for its large open-air market. Ruins of large temple-pyramids are still very visible in the center of Tlatelolco today.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Tlatelolco, a major altepetl, connected with the other and more famous Mexica altepetl, Tenochtitlan,

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 10 recto,, image 30 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).