Tocuiltecatl (MH532r)

Tocuiltecatl (MH532r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph stands for the personal name or ethnicity Tocuiltecatl ("One from Tocuillan"). Glyphs for this place will also sometimes show the same flag, which seems to be associated with the festival devoted to Huitzilopochtli and the fifteenth month, Panquetzaliztli, in the xiuhpohualli calendar. Tocuiltecatl can also be a title that designates a senior civil and military dignitary, according to A. Wimmer (2004) in the Gran Diccionario Náhuatl. festival. It is vertical and facing toward the viewer's right, but two black and white pieces (of fabric?) that come off the top of the flag bend toward the viewer's left. The banner itself is largely white with a thick black horizontal stripe and a thin black stripe above and another one below it.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The component parts of this title could be "To-" (our, possessive pronoun), "cuil" (curving), or "ocuilin" (worm), -tecatl (affiliation). One of the glyphs for Tocuiltecatl in the Codex Mendoza shows a green worm. Further study is indicated.

This Nahua name is preceded in the gloss by a Christian first name (Toribio). He may have been named after Toribio de Benavente, also known as Motolinia ("One Who is Poor or Afflicted"). This was the first word he learned in Nahuatl, and he went on to learn the language well. He lived in the monastery in Huejotzingo. Doing a quick search for the name "Toribio" will produce an impressive result.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

doribio tocuiltecatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Toribio Tocuiltecatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


titles, títulos, civiles, militares, nombres de hombres, banderas, fiestas, meses, Panquetzaliztli

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Tocuiltecatl, a high civil and military title,
Panquetzaliztli, the name of a month of twenty days,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(una persona de Tocuillan)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: