tzontli (HJleg208exp2)

tzontli (HJleg208exp2)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This is a rendition of the notation for 400 (tzontli). It is a black line drawing with no added color. It looks something like a tree with no leaves, having a thicker central axis and branches or spikes coming out and getting shorter as they emerge from the axis, working their way to a point at the top.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Another renditions of tzontli (standing for the number 400) also shows a tree-like shape, but the collection also contains a bundle of hair and a somewhat more horizontal group of upright lines. See below, right. Robert Haskett contributed to the analysis of this record.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Robert Haskett and Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Cuernavaca (modern state of Morelos)

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 

números, cuatrocientos, four hundred, trees, árboles, ramitos, ramas, branches

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

cuatrocientos, 400

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Single-page codex, Archivo General de la Nación, México, Ramo de Hospital de Jesús, legajo 208, expediente 2. Robert Haskett kindly captured the images from the manuscript and shared them with this project.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Archivo General de la Nación (AGN), México, holds the original manuscript. This image is published here under a Creative Commons license, asking that you cite the AGN and this Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs.

Historical Contextualizing Image: