xayacatl (Mdz40r)

xayacatl (Mdz40r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography for mask or face (xayacatl) is provided here for the purpose of making comparisons with face hieroglyphs. This example is a mask in profile, lying horizontally, with the top of the head on the viewer's left. It is colored turquoise, which adds to the interpretation of mask here, in lieu of simply "face."

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Below right are other examples of the xayacatl (face, mask). The frontal view seems rare, and the profile the norm. This one, lying down, would also be unusual where "face" is meant in place of "mask."

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

masks, máscaras, faces, caras, profilies, rostros

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 40 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 90 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)