xihuitl (Mdz40r)

xihuitl (Mdz40r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example shows a turquoise stone. It is upright, with curling elements on the exterior (classically associated with stones or rocks), and wavy lines running diagonally across its middle. The stone is also painted the color of its name. Note, too, how this stone is standing upright, not the usual horizontal. Perhaps the artist was thinking of some of the symbols for year [also called xihuittl).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

dichas piedras de azul

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 

stones, piedras, turquoise, turquesas, xiuhpohualli, año, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 


Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 40 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 90 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)