Xochitl (MH741v)

Xochitl (MH741v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name Xochitl (“Flower”) is attested here as a woman’s name. It has six rounded petals around a central circle. It is possible that this name was part of a calendrical name where the numerical component has fallen away.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Xochitl remains a very popular name for Indigenous Mexican women to this day. In fact, it seems to have had a revival in the 20th and 21st centuries. In this database, where women’s names are more scarce than men’s--given the nature of the source, which focus on male heads of household as tribute payers—we can still see enough of them to recognize the numerical importance of Xochitl, especially as one element in a compound name. Here are some examples: https://aztecglyphs.wired-humanities.org/advsearch-all-grid?field_sign_t... . Perhaps surprisingly, while xochitl is a day name in the religious divinatory calendar, the tonalpohualli, we do not see many names involving flowers that seem to make a calendrical reference. Also, it is worth noting that men’s names will involve both xochitl and cihuatl in their name compounds. So, it is an incorrect stereotype to assume a name containing -xoch- will be a woman’s name.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


flores, nombres de días, calendarios, fechas, nombres de mujeres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 741v, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=561&st=image

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: