xolochtic (Mdz13r)

xolochtic (Mdz13r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This sign for the adjective "wrinkled" (xolochtic) is a duplicate of the simplex glyph for the place name, Xolochiuhyan, leaving off the shoulders and the clothing on the shoulder. What is left is the head of a white-haired (older), wrinkled-face man in profile, looking to the viewer's left.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

There is also an overlap with xolo (page, servant) (see below, right). Wrinkles also feature in the glyph for huehue (old man) and for Xolotl, the ancestor-ruler who lived to be 200, according to Chimalpahin (see our online Nahuatl Dictionary entry for Xolotl).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

old men, aging, wrinkles, toothlessness, viejos, envejecimiento, falta de dientes, arrugado

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 13 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 36 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).