amanalli (CmpRG)

amanalli (CmpRG)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex hieroglyph from the Map of Cempohuallan (Zempoala, Cempoala) features a round pool or tank of water (amanalli) with two concentric circles, the inner one painted turquoise blue and the outer one,= with a scalloped rim filled with black dots. This is a bird's eye view of a pool of water with a shoreline.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The blue interior aligns with the reading of a pool or tank of water, as provided by the gloss. The dotted or textured outer rim suggests perhaps a sandy shore, which would push the translation toward a pool or pond, rather than a tank, in this case. Compare the texturing with glyphs for xalli (sand). This pool of water is somewhat akin to the visual representation of the atecochtli from the Codex Quetzalecatl, also in this collection (see below, right).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Zempoala, Hidalgo (Cempoala, Cempohuallan)

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


water, pools, ponds, sand, sandy shores, charcos, tanks, tanques

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

amanal(li), a pool or tank of water,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

la alberca o el estanque de agua

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Alonso de Molina

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas, Austin

Historical Contextualizing Image: