This compound hieroglyph for the personal name Axayacatl, held by a late fifteenth-century Mexica ruler known for imperial expansion, shows the head of a man in profile, looking toward the viewer's right. His eye is open. Running down his face is a stream of water with five short sprays, each one with either a droplet or a turbinate shell at the tip. The water is painted the usual color of turquoise blue.
The Spanish-language gloss was written in two hands, with the reverential suffix (-tzin) added to the name at a later point along with the translation "Face of Water." The contextualizing image shows the rulers seated on a petlatl and icpalli, symbols of his rule. His knees are up, and he is covered with a cape having a red and blue-trimmed diamond shape on his back and the same red and blue trim where the cape meets his feet.
Axayacatzin, cara del agua
Axayacatzin, gobernante, tecuhtli, tecutli, teuctli, tlahtoani, tlatoani
a(tl), water, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/atl
xayaca(tl), face, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xayacatl
Agua-Cara (o Cara del Agua)
Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 34 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458267s/f94.item.zoom
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