Axayacatl (TR34v)

Axayacatl (TR34v)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound hieroglyph for the personal name Axayacatl, held by a late fifteenth-century Mexica ruler known for imperial expansion, shows the head of a man in profile, looking toward the viewer's right. His eye is open. Running down his face is a stream of water with five short sprays, each one with either a droplet or a turbinate shell at the tip. The water is painted the usual color of turquoise blue.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The Spanish-language gloss was written in two hands, with the reverential suffix (-tzin) added to the name at a later point along with the translation "Face of Water." The contextualizing image shows the rulers seated on a petlatl and icpalli, symbols of his rule. His knees are up, and he is covered with a cape having a red and blue-trimmed diamond shape on his back and the same red and blue trim where the cape meets his feet.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Axayacatzin, cara del agua

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

Axayacatzin, gobernante, tecuhtli, tecutli, teuctli, tlahtoani, tlatoani

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Agua-Cara (o Cara del Agua)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 34 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: