Chamil (MH529r)

Chamil (MH529r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Chamil (attested here as a man’s name) shows a frontal view of a musical instrument that is curved in an S shape (on its side). It appears to be made of metal with a horn at one or both ends. A short, horizontal strut holds the two horns together in the middle of the instrument.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This is what may have been admired as a serpent-shaped musical instrument, probably medieval or early modern. Juan José Batalla Rosado suggests a sacabuche or a trombón. (See his article in El Arte de Escribir (2018), p. 108.) Musical museums do have serpent-shaped instruments from the nineteenth century, such as the “bauduoin,” but this term does not come anywhere near chamil, and it would only be a later descendant of the instrument pictured in this glyph, if related at all. Nahuas did have metal bells (see the coyolli, below, with the sound scrolls coming out of it), which could be worn and heard from dancing. Another image below shows the drumming and singing that was typical of Nahua music.

The name Chamil, which may refer to a type of milpa (see our Online Nahuatl Dictionary entry for chamil) is still known in Mexico. How the glyph relates to a milpa is far from obvious. An article in the newspaper, El Sol de Tlaxcala, from October 30, 2021, mentions a Francisco Chamil Chamil in association with bell making in Rosario Ocotoxco.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

franco chamil

Gloss Normalization: 

Francisco Chamil

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Other Cultural Influences: 
Keywords: 

sacabuche, trombón, música, instrumentos, serpents, serpientes

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

chamil, a milpa planted in March (in Mexico), https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/chamil

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: