Chiucnauhozoma (MH770r)

Chiucnauhozoma (MH770r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Chiucnauhozoma ("Nine Monkey") is attested here as a man's name. The glyph consists of an anthropomorphic head in profile, facing toward the viewer's right. Its hair stands up on its head, perhaps in a way reminiscent of a monkey (ozomatli). There are more than nine hairs, and there is no visual indication of the number nine that appears in the gloss. This is a calendrical name that comes from the religious divinatory calendar of 260 days, the tonalpohualli. The day name here is ozomatli.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

This name is a day sign. Originally, a name like this would have a number attached to it. But calendrical names were evolving at the time of this manuscript (1560), often dropping their numbers. Calendrics figure importantly in Nahuas' religious views of the cosmos, and these names lived on well after colonization even as they evolved.

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

filipe chicuinaōçumā

Gloss Normalization: 

Felipe Chicunauhozoma

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

monos, animales, fechas, calendarios, nombres de días, religión indígena, nombres de hombres, chiucnahui ozoma

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Nueve-Mono, o 9-Mono

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 770r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: