Cimatl (MH575r)

Cimatl (MH575r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Cimatl (“Wild Potato,” attested here as a man’s name) shows a bifurcated root with two leafy sprigs above. The term cimatl refers to the root specifically. According to the Florentine Codex (1963, Book 11, 125 and 133), if not properly cooked, the root can cause vomiting and diarrhea. The plant above ground is the cuauheco and/or the cimapatli (cimapahtli, with the glottal stop).

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The cimatl is still widely eaten in Mexico according to Michel Conan, Sacred Gardens and Landscapes (2007, 85).

Other examples of this name include Cima and Cimatl (see below). While this Cima is a man's name, another Cimatl (in another source) was the mother of the interpreter to Cortés, doña Marina. (See: Antoinette Sedillo López, Latina Issues, 2020.)

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

galisto. cimatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Calixto Cimatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

herbs, hierbas, roots, raíces, medicinas, cima

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cima(tl), edible medicinal root of an herb,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Raíz o Tubérculo Comestible

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: