citlalin (Mdz63r)

citlalin (Mdz63r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic example shows a night sky with stars (in the form of stellar eyes or starry eyes). Star is citlalin. The sky is shaped like an upside-down mound (see tlatelli, mound, for comparison). The eyes have heavy red lids covering the irises about half way. Otherwise, the eyes are white.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See how the Codex Mendoza will sometimes show stars as white dots on a black background (below).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

las estre[-]
llas en el çielo

Gloss Normalization: 

las estrellas en el cielo

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


night, noche, stars, estrellas, eyes, ojos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 63 recto,, image 136 out of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: