cuappantli (Mdz64r)

cuappantli (Mdz64r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

Given that we did not have a gloss in Nahuatl for what may be a glyph, we are calling this an iconographic example of a cuappantli (wooden bridge). It is included here as a comparison for glyphic elements that feature bridges or wood. This wooden bridge crosses a river. The river is painted turquoise with the usual black lines of current (including a couple of thick black lines), and white turbinate shells and white droplets/beads splashing off the flow. Leading up to the bridge, which consists of four horizontal planks, and away from it are black footprints, which indicate a path or road. Footprints are also recurring elements in glyphs.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

See below for place name glyphs that include bridges. It becomes apparent that either planks or logs could be used for making bridges--unless trees are used in the imagery in order to bring forth the cua- or cuauh- part of the word, given that it can come from cuahuitl, tree. Also see, below, some other wooden constructions.

Footprint glyphs have a wide range of translations. In this collection, so far, we can attest to yauh, xo, pano, -pan, paina, temo, nemi, quetza, otli, iyaquic hualiloti, huallauh, tepal, tetepotztoca, totoco, otlatoca, -tihui, and the vowel "o." Other research (Herrera et al, 2005, 64) points to additional terms, including: choloa, tlaloa, totoyoa, eco, aci, quiza, maxalihui, centlacxitl, and xocpalli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

puen te

Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

bridges, wooden structures, pathways, roads, puentes, caminos, senderos

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 64 recto,, image 138 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: