cuexyo (Mdz20r)

cuexyo (Mdz20r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This example of iconography from the Codex Mendoza shows a feathered war shield {chimalli) in a design that Berdan and Anawalt (1992, vol. 1, Appendix G) call the "cuexyo variant 3." The predominant colors are turquoise and black. The hanging feathers along the bottom are turquoise, red, green, and yellow.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The main cuexyo shield in Berdan and Anawalt is discussed in some detail in an article in Arqueología Mexicana. See also our dictionary entry for cuextecatl, which refers to a feather suit worn by a dancer. Cuexyo with the absolutive (cuexyotl) would be a noun, but here it seems to be modifying the noun for shield (chimalli), so it serves as an adjective.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

una rodila desta

Gloss Normalization: 

una rodela de esta divisa [de] plumas ricas

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

cuexyo, a feathered shield design,
cuexteca(tl), a feathered suit for a dancer, or the person who wears this suit,

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: