Ecaix (MH504r)

Ecaix (MH504r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This compound glyph for the personal name Ecaix ("Breath-Eye," although seemingly pointing to "Wind-Eye," attested as a man's name) shows an eye (of the stellar or starry eye type) with a device above it that may be the bucal mask--tipped on its side--that was worn by the divine force of the wind (Ehecatl) and used for blowing.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The device here has a shape something like a fleur-de-lis, which may show European stylistic influence, given that this symbol was a heraldic device of the House of Bourbon. This glyph, when compared with some of the glyphs for Tlamao show a strong visual relationship between this kind of seeing/knowledge and the divinity of Ehecatl. A great many glyphs in this collection start with Eca- when one might expect Eheca-. We are preserving the proclivity of the gloss for Eca-, while also pointing to the likelihood of an unintentional oral abbreviation of Eheca- to Eca-.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

martin
hecayx

Gloss Normalization: 

Martín Ecaix (although probably meant to be Ehecaix)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax (patterns): 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Number of Parts (of compounds): 
Reading Order: 
Other Cultural Influences: 
Keywords: 

breath, aliento, air, aire, wind, viento, ojos, eyes, stars, estrellas, Flor de lis, divisa heráldica de la casa de Borbón

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

"Aliento-Ojo"

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: