Eyi Calli (Mdz2r)

Eyi Calli (Mdz2r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This combined simplex glyph plus notation stands for the solar year (xihuitl) Three House (3-House, or Eyi Calli). It includes a notation of three small circles with dots in the middle representing the number three and a typically sign for a house or building (rectangular, with right angles, and a T-shaped wooden frame at the entrance). The circles are horizontal and located in the top of the black-line box that encloses this date, starting from the top left corner and spreading toward the right. The box and its contents is painted turquoise (xihuitl) which recalls the word for year [also xihuitl). they are homophones, so the color may be a phonetic indicator that this is a year date.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Not all signs for one have dots in the middle, like these do. This is something we are tracking. Some are just empty circles (but usually painted over), and some have smaller concentric circles. See examples below.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

dates, fechas, calendarios, calendars, houses, buildings, casas, edificios, números, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Tres Casa

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 02 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 14 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).