huauhtli (Mdz37r)

huauhtli (Mdz37r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This iconographic support material for huauhtli (amarant) provides another example of how grains could be presented visually as a series of black dots. We extracted the dots from the beans, with which they are mixed, and we added a few dots to fill in where the beans were located.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The amaranth in question was to be provided as tribute (like taxation in kind) in a large container (troje, in Spanish). Another container of beans was to accompany the container of amaranth. Hence, in the historical contextualizing image, we see at the top of the wooden box both black beans and amaranth.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el amaranto

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 37 recto,, image 84 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

Original manuscript is held by the Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1; used here with the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Historical Contextualizing Image: 
See Also: