Huitznahuac (MH632r)

Huitznahuac (MH632r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-and-white painting of the simplex glyph for the personal name Huitznahua or Huitznahuac ("Near the Thorns") is attested here as a man's name, even though it could be a place name, too. Perhaps this name is actually meant to be Huitznahuacatl, with the affiliation suffix (-catl) having been dropped inadvertently. The gloss shows a single, vertical thorn that is gray at the tip, black in the middle, and white in the bottom half. The dark color might have been red (for blood) if this glyph could have been painted in color. The -nahuac (near) or -nahua (from language or pleasant sound) part of the name is not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The huitztli (thorn) was used in self-sacrificial blood letting, and so it played an important religious role in Nahua culture. Bloodletting also has an association with human sacrificial offerings, as M. Graulich writes in an article in Estudios de Cultural Náhuatl 36 (2005), "Autosacrifice in Ancient Mexico."

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

Juan
vitznava

Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Huitznahuac (or perhaps Huitznahua)

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

1560

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Syntax: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Keywords: 

flebotomía, autosacrificio, blood letting, offerings, thorns, spines, espinas, pueblos, etnicidades, nombres de hombres, nombres de lugares

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

huitz(tli), thorn, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/huitztli
nahua(tl), pleasant sound or speech, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/nahuatl
-nahuac (locative suffix), near or next to, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/nahuac

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 632r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=346st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: