ichcatl (Mdz40r)

ichcatl (Mdz40r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for ichcatl) (cotton) represents the place name, Ichcatlan. This is the flower of the cotton plant, with three bolls atop a three-part foliage.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Cotton was an important trade item that also fueled imperial expansion. It was highly prized for weaving and creating textiles. A type of armor was also made from cotton padding. The texturing of the cotton bolls are reminiscent of the texturing of agricultural land. The dots may be seeds, which are so commonly found on cotton bolls. The u-shapes may symbolize agriculture. These u's are also found on the cotton that is being spun on the malacatl (see below, right).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood


cotton balls, bolls

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 


Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el algodón

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 40 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 90 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).