Icnocihuatl (Verg9r)

Icnocihuatl (Verg9r)
Compound Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the compound glyph for the personal name or status of Icnocihuatl (“Widow,” attested here as a woman’s name) shows the head of a woman (cihuatl) in profile, looking toward the viewer's right. She has tears on her cheeks (drawn more in a European style than the tears found in early manuscripts). These tears are a semantic indicator that the woman is a widow (icnocihuatl) and therefore sad or humble (icno-, a built-in adjective here). The remaining four elements of this compound probably attempt to provide phonetic values for some of the syllables. From right to left, these are: lips (tentli), teeth (tlantli), a maize cob (cintli) or centli), and finally an arrow (mitl). Of these, the "ci" of cintli could provide the phonetic start to cihuatl. The roles of the other elements remain to be deciphered.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Perhaps this compound glyph is actually providing a name for this widow--not just covering her marital status--that does not appear in the gloss.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

franca ycnoçihuatl

Gloss Normalization: 

Francisca Icnocihuatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Tepetlaoztoc, near Tetzcoco

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

viudas, widows, sad, triste, humble, humilde, flechas, dientes, labios, mazorcas, mujeres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 


Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 
Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source gallica.bnf.fr / BnF.” We would also appreciate a citation to the Visual Lexicon of Aztec Hieroglyphs, https://aztecglyphs.wired-humanities.org/.

Historical Contextualizing Image: