Itzcotecatl (MH647v)

Itzcotecatl (MH647v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This painting of the simplex glyph for the personal name, title, or ethnicity, Itzcotecatl ("One from Itzcotlan," attested here as referring to a man), shows a curving black obsidian knife (itztli). It is vertical, although the tip bends toward the viewer's right. The -co- and -tecatl parts of the ethnic label are not shown visually.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

As attested in our Online Nahuatl Dictionary, Manuel Orozco y Berra refers to hieroglyphs for this person, Itzcotecatl, as combining a piece of obsidian (itztli) and a ceramic pot (comitl), which is what we see below, coming from the Matrícula de Huexotzinco folio 643 verso. Otherwise, he said, Itzcotecatl was represented with just a symbol for obsidian, which is what we have here. Another example, below, from folio 500 recto, seems to include two obsidian blades (itztli) and a human face (presumably for -tecatl, the affiliation suffix). Thinking more about the comitl, and its root for combining (con-), could the place name have been Itzcontlan and the ethnicity have been Itzcontecatl? Searches for these names are not yet fruitful.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

pedro ytzcotecatl xochi...

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Itzcotecatl, xochi...

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

hojas de obsidiana, herramientas, armas, color negro, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

Itzcotecatl, a person’s name, an ethnicity relating to a place called Itzcotlan,
itz(tli), obsidian blades,
-tecatl, a person affiliated with a place,

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(etnicidad de una persona de Itzcotitlan)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 647r, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: