Itzcotecatl (MH770v)

Itzcotecatl (MH770v)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name and/or title, Itzcotecatl (perhaps "One from Itzcotlan"), is attested here as a man's name. It shows a left hand holding what may be a piece of wood, vaguely in the shape of a small hand pistol, with four vertical obsidian blades (itztli) evenly spaced across the top. Further research is required to determine whether the -cotecatl part of the name is somehow represented by this apparatus.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

An "Ytzcotecatl" is mentioned in Fernando Alvarado Tezozomoc's Crónica Mexicana, ch. 17. It appears to be a title that the ruler Itzcoatl gave at the request of Tlacaelel to a macehualli man named Quilaoyo for being a valiant warrior. This man and two others (Acaxel or Acaxacal and Atamal) were honored with a plug to wear below the bottom lip (tentetl in Nahuatl and besolera in Spanish), plus a green stone and an ear ornament (orejera in Spanish).

The four symmetrical blades on the handheld device in this glyph are reminiscent of some of the glyphs for the name of the lord Nauhyotl ("Fourness"), relating to the four cardinal directions.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

poe. izcotecatl.

Gloss Normalization: 

Pedro Itzcotecatl

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


obsidiana, cuchillos, etnicidad, títulos, nombres de hombres

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

itzcoteca(tl), a name, a title, or a person from Itzcotlan,
-tecatl, (affiliation suffix),

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

(persona de Itzcotlan)

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 770v, World Digital Library,

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: