itzcuintli (TR8r)

itzcuintli (TR8r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for dog (itzcuintli) has been extracted from the compound glyph-notation for Chicuei Itzcuintli (Eight Dog, 8-Dog), a date in the calendar. The dog is shown only as a head, in profile, looking to the viewer's right. Its eye is open and its tongue is hanging out of its mouth. Two fangs also protrude. The coat of the dog is an orange color. Its ears have black tips. Its eye has a black ring around it. The dog's neck has a red band around it and, below that is a scalloped yellow fringe. Below the fringe may appear some organs in red and yellow or a blood flow at least in the middle. Organs, as shown below, typically come in red and yellow. Scalloped yellow edges can suggest a severing, such as can be seen in the severed part of the tree of Tamoanchan (also below). The autonomous-era sculpture of the divine force of Coyolxauhqui, who was cut into many pieces, has these scalloped edges all over it. For more on red and yellow interiors, see the article on the left navigation bar.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The suggestion of blood flow from the neck comes from the analysis of a drawing of the female divine force, Tlaltecuhtli, in Joseph Kroger and Patrizia Granziera, Aztec Goddesses and Christian Madonnas (2020), 18. The speculation of possible internal organs come from some Codex Mendoza glyphs for organs (see below).

The izcuintli is a day sign in the calendar, which is the context from which this example has been taken. It is therefore different from the example of a dog glyph (shown below) from the Codex Mendoza.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 


Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 

ca. 1550–1563

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Semantic Categories: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

dogs, perros, calendarios, calendars, dates, fechas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el perro

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Telleriano-Remensis Codex, folio 8 recto, MS Mexicain 385, Gallica digital collection,

Image Source, Rights: 

The non-commercial reuse of images from the Bibliothèque nationale de France is free as long as the user is in compliance with the legislation in force and provides the citation: “Source / Bibliothèque nationale de France” or “Source / BnF.”

Historical Contextualizing Image: