Iyaqui (MH629r)

Iyaqui (MH629r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This black-line drawing of the simplex glyph for the personal name Iyaqui seems to mean "Young Valiant Warrior." Iyaqui is attested here as a man's name. The glyph consists of one vertical footprint. The adverb (iyaquic, which is a close homophone, means "on foot" or "upright"), which may explain the phonetic use of the footprint.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

It could also be that the foot is upright as a phonetic aid (pointing to iyaquic, upright or on foot) to help the reading. Footprint glyphs have a wide range of translations. In this collection, so far, we can attest to yauh, xo, pano, -pan, paina, temo, nemi, quetza, otli, iyaquic hualiloti, huallauh, tetepotztoca, totoco, -tihui, and the vowel "o." Other research (Herrera et al, 2005, 64) points to additional terms, including: choloa, tlaloa, totoyoa, eco, aci, quiza, maxalihui, centlacxitl, and xocpalli.

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 


Gloss Normalization: 

Juan Iyaqui

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Date of Manuscript: 


Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Huejotzingo, Puebla

Cultural Content, Credit: 

Jeff Haskett-Wood


footprints, huellas, adverbios, guerreros, guerra, valor

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

iyaqui, young valiant warrior, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/iyaqui
iyaquic, on end, upright, or on foot, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/iyaquic

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Guerrero Joven y Distinguido

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Matrícula de Huexotzinco, folio 629r, World Digital Library, https://www.loc.gov/resource/gdcwdl.wdl_15282/?sp=340st=image.

Image Source, Rights: 

This manuscript is hosted by the Library of Congress and the World Digital Library; used here with the Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SAq 3.0).

Historical Contextualizing Image: