iyetl (Mdz12r)

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This element for incense, perfume, or tobacco iyetl) has been carved from the compound sign for the place name, Xochiyetlan. It is a horizontal stick or tube, with the left half blackened.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

The black material is likely an aromatic substance (tobacco/nicotine incense, or perfume). This iyetl resembles the acayetl tobacco smoking tube found in Book II, folio 26 verso of the Florentine Codex. Iyetl and acayetl are a challenge to distinguish visually. In his translations of the Cantares, John Bierhorst (Ballads of the Lords of New Spain, 2010, 24, note 117) calls iyetl "smoking tubes" and acayetl "reed incense."

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, but by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Cultural Content & Iconography: 
Cultural Content, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Shapes and Perspectives: 

tobacco, tobaco, incense, incienso, perfume

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 

iye(tl), incense, perfume, tobacco, https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/iyetl

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

el tabaco, el incienso, o el perfume

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 12 recto, https://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/objects/2fea788e-2aa2-4f08-b6d9-648c00..., image 34 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).