Macuilli Caltzin (CQ)

Macuilli Caltzin (CQ)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This combined simplex glyph-notation represents the personal name (and date), Macuilli Caltzin (Five House). It consists of the notation of five ones (small circles). The circles are painted red-yellow-turquoise in a repeating pattern. The house (calli) is shown in profile, open to the viewer's right. It has been left natural, the color of the paper.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Added Analysis: 

Five House is a day sign in the Mesoamerican calendar. The man who bore this name was likely born on that day. The gloss suggests that the person went simply by "Caltzin," leaving the numerical part of the name off. He also had the title of lord (tecuhtli). This is fitting of a lord, as shown in the contextualizing image, where he sits on a jaguar-skin throne (the icpalli). He also wears a red cloak, and his seat is inside a building, probably a tecpan (ruler's house).

Added Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Gloss Image: 
Gloss Diplomatic Transcription: 

caltzi teuchctli

Gloss Normalization: 

Caltzin Tecuhtli

Gloss Analysis, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

covers ruling men and women of Tecamachalco through 1593

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

southern Puebla state

Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 
Other Cultural Influences: 

five, cinco, house, casa, building, edificio, numbers, numeros, names, nombres, dates, fechas

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Additional Scholars' Interpretations: 

P[ueblo] Caltzin Teic[alli]? “Caltzin[‘s] Battle?” [the pictured man’s name is 5 Calli (house)]. Battle is symbolized by the chimalli and macuahuitl. Matthew T. McDavitt, "Placenames in the Codex Quetzalecatzin," unpublished essay shared 2-21-2018.

Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cinco Casa, 5-Casa

Image Source: 

The Codex Quetzalecatzin, aka Mapa de Ecatepec-Huitziltepec, Codex Ehecatepec-Huitziltepec, or Charles Ratton Codex. Library of Congress.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Library of Congress, current custodian of this pictorial Mexican manuscript, hosts a digital version online. It is not copyright protected.

Historical Contextualizing Image: