Macuilli Tochtli (Mdz2r)

Macuilli Tochtli (Mdz2r)
Simplex Glyph

Glyph or Iconographic Image Description: 

This simplex glyph for rabbit (tochtli) combines with the notation for five (macuilli) to represent the solar year (xihuitl) date, Five Rabbit (Macuilli Tochtli). The ones are small circles in a row, almost centered at the top of compound date. The circles do not have dots or smaller concentric circles inside them, the way some other ones do (see examples below). The rabbit sign consists of the head only, in profile and facing right. Its eye is open and teeth protrude from its mouth. There is a curve to the back of the jaw. The entire date is enclosed in a black-line box, which indicates that it is a date, and its contents are painted over with turquoise blue (xihuitl). Turquoise and year are homophones, and the paint might be interpreted as a phonetic indicator for the word year.

Description, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Source Manuscript: 
Date of Manuscript: 

c. 1541, or by 1553 at the latest

Creator's Location (and place coverage): 

Mexico City

Shapes and Perspectives: 
Parts (compounds or simplex + notation): 
Reading Order (Compounds or Simplex + Notation): 

dates, fechas, calendars, calendarios, rabbits, conejos, números, xiuhpohualli, año, turquesa, xihuitl

Glyph or Iconographic Image: 
Relevant Nahuatl Dictionary Word(s): 
Glyph/Icon Name, Spanish Translation: 

Cinco Conejo

Spanish Translation, Credit: 

Stephanie Wood

Image Source: 

Codex Mendoza, folio 02 recto,, image 14 of 188.

Image Source, Rights: 

The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford, hold the original manuscript, the MS. Arch. Selden. A. 1. This image is published here under the UK Creative Commons, “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License” (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0).